Gum Treatment

Gum disease affects at least 60% of adults in the United States. Gum disease starts when plaque and tartar accumulate at the base of your teeth. Bacteria in the plaque lead to an infection in the gums known as gingivitis. Left untreated, the infection spreads to the tissue and bone holding your teeth in place, a condition called periodontitis.

Prevention and early detection are your best defenses against gum disease. The more advanced the disease, the more likely you will suffer tooth loss. Gum treatment can slow or stop the disease’s progression. This is often accomplished through non-surgical means.

Scaling and root planing is a common non-surgical procedure to treat gum disease. We use special instruments to deep clean below the gum line. A clean, smooth root surface creates a healthy environment to allow the gums to heal naturally and reattach to the tooth. First, the tooth is scaled to remove plaque and tarter that have built up. Next, the root is smoothed (planed) to eliminate any rough areas that can easily trap plaque and bacteria. This will reduce the hiding places for bacteria in the unhealthy deep pockets around the tooth below the gum line areas.

After the scaling and root planing procedure, we may give you antibiotics to promote healing and control infection. They may be inserted into the pocket formed between your tooth and gum or swallowed as pills or capsules.

A strict home care routine and more frequent exams and cleanings — most of our periodontal patients have their teeth cleaned four times a year — will increase your chances of keeping your natural smile.